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The ultimate guide to understanding pigmentation

Uneven skin tone or those annoying dark patches that pop up out of nowhere are symptoms of pigmentation. But what is it? The term "pigmentation" describes a change in the skin's colouration. It is typically the result of an overproduction of the pigment melanin brought on by sun exposure, hormone shifts, or skin injury.

Knowing how to avoid pigmentation requires understanding what it is and why it happens. This blog will focus on everything you need to know about pigmentation. Let’s dive in!


In This Article:

What Is Pigmentation

Causes Of Pigmentation

What Is Pigmentation

When skin spots turn dark in specific areas of our bodies, it is referred to as hyperpigmentation. It is a common skin issue. Pigmentation spots may appear on various parts of the body, but the face is more prone to this condition. Fortunately, you can take measures to treat and prevent this skin issue. Keep reading to learn why pigmentation comes on the face and tips to get rid of it. 

Causes Of Pigmentation

Before learning how to reduce pigmentation on the face, it is important to dig deeper into the factors resulting in pigmentation. Listed below are the major causes.

a. Hormonal changes

Hormonal changes can cause your skin to produce more melanin, which can lead to dark spots and uneven skin tone. 

b. Skin Damage Due To Harmful Sun Rays

UV rays are extremely harmful. In most cases, signs of premature skin aging are caused by UV rays. Hyperpigmentation is one of its common after-effects. 

c. Post-inflammatory Pigmentation

Darker spots might develop After the skin heals from inflammatory conditions such as acne. These spots are known as post-inflammatory pigmentation. 

Preventive Measures For Pigmentation

You may not completely stop pigmentation from occurring, but there are certain measures that you can adopt to reduce the risks. Here's how - 

  • Use sunscreen with SPF 50 to ensure skin protection. We recommend using our Niacinamide and Pro-Ceramides Sunscreen Gel SPF 50 PA+++. Our Clinically Tested In-Vivo Sunscreen Gel with SPF 50 PA+++ is infused with Niacinamide and our patented Pro-Ceramides technology. It protects the skin from harmful UVA, UVB, and blue light rays, fights pigmentation, and aids in maintaining a healthy skin barrier.

  • Avoiding touching the skin when there are acne, spots, or scabs 

Even after adopting the preventive measures, if you develop pigmentation then you must look for a professional who can guide you on how to get rid of pigmentation. 

For cases of pigmentation, products that specifically target the problem areas are always recommended. Here is our recommendation: 

  • Cleanser

A cleanser is an excellent first step in fighting pigmentation problems. Our Daily De-tan Cleanser With Niacinamide and Vitamin C is your best bet. This exfoliating formula removes impurities from the skin, helping you unveil your natural shine. The active ingredient, Niacinamide, reduces the visibility of dark spots and hyperpigmentation. Additionally, it helps reduce skin tanning thanks to the addition of Vitamin C, a powerful antioxidant known for its whitening properties. It is clinically proven to remove tan in 7 days, which further prevents pigmentation as well.

Lifestyle Changes

    You may consider the following lifestyle changes to get rid of pigmentation -  

    • Sun Exposure: Excessive exposure to the sun exposure may result in pigmentation. You may develop age spots, sunspots, freckles, etc.
    • Nutrition and Diet: An improper or unhealthy diet will likely cause breakouts and dry skin, which in turn leads to pigmentation. Ensure a balanced diet that provides the right minerals, antioxidants, and vitamins. This will help maintain healthy skin and reduce the possibility of pigmentation. 
    • Dehydration: Insufficient water intake makes the skin dull, leading to pigmentation. 
    • Skincare Products: Using topical steroids and skincare products with harsh chemicals may cause skin pigmentation. Hence, it's important to understand how to reduce pigmentation through moderate and proper use of skincare products to mitigate pigmentation. Acne Squad’s Serum for Acne Scars with Triple Concentrate Formula and Spot Corrector for Acne Scars with Triple Concentrate Formula are both excellent products to add to your routine. These products help reduce dark spots and pigmentation. 

    • Stress: Chronic stress leads to various skin conditions, including acne. It may also result in post-inflammatory pigmentation. Stress disrupts the natural balance of the skin and affects its overall health and appearance.


    Sun damage is the major cause of pigmentation. Applying high-quality sun cream with SPF goes a long way to preventing sun damage. Plus, try to prevent direct contact with sunlight. If you develop the condition, determine what causes pigmentation and look for measures accordingly. 

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Q: 1 Can sun exposure cause pigmentation?

    A. The epidermis has cells containing melanin pigment, which serves as a protective covering against the ultraviolet rays of the sun. The UV rays can reduce your skin's elasticity. It may also cause premature aging, making the skin more prone to pigmentation.

    Q:2 How can sunscreen prevent pigmentation?

    A. Sunscreen prevents, protects, and reduces the existing dark spots on the skin. It is important to wear sunblock daily for effective results.

    Q:3 Can pigmentation be caused by hormonal changes?

    A. Hormones can trigger excessive melanin production leading to dark spots and uneven skin tone. 

    Q:4 Can makeup worsen skin pigmentation?

    A. Cosmetic products with ingredients that inflame or irritate the skin may cause postinflammatory hyperpigmentation or dark spots. Hence, it is recommended to ensure moderate makeup and use high-quality makeup products to prevent pigmentation from worsening.

    Written by Samradni Pradhan on Mar 20, 2024
    Samradni combines her love for exploring diverse beauty products with her knack for expressive writing. She delivers engaging content in the world of beauty with confidence and insight.

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